Safe Skies: New Buk-M2 Missile Brigade Enters Combat Duty in Southern Russia

The new formation comprises three divisions armed with advanced Buk-M2 missile systems and staffed by both conscripts and contract troops.

A new Buk-M2 missile system brigade has entered combat duty in Russia’s Krasnodar Territory, the Russian Defense Ministry’s Southern Military Command said Monday.

«The new missile brigade received a battle flag and entered combat duty in the Southern Military Command in Krasnodar Territory,» the command’s press service said.

The new formation comprises three divisions armed with advanced Buk-M2 missile systems and staffed by both conscripts and contract troops, the southern command added.

The Buk surface-to-air missile system is capable of hitting targets within a range of 35 kilometers (115,000 feet) and an altitude of up to 25 kilometers (82,000 feet), depending on the modification. The new Buks are able to engage simultaneously up to 36 targets.

All-Seeing Eye: New Russian Helicopter Can Detect All Types of Ships and Subs

After modernization, the Ka-27M can detect all kinds of ships and submarines.

The Russian Navy’s naval aviation has received the first of eight Ka-27M anti-submarine helicopters with the post-upgrade ability to detect all advanced ships and submarines, Russian Helicopters holding said Monday.

«With the new command and tactical system, the modernized Ka-27 will have the ability of panoramic view, detection of all types of ships and submarines,» the holding’s press service said.

Russian Helicopters added that the new Ka-27Ms also boast an increased range in detecting and engaging targets. It said that the upgraded units have been fitted with modern types of real-time information transmission both to ground- and naval-based command centers.

The holding stated that it expected to complete the delivery of all eight Ka-27Ms by the end of 2016. Never miss a story again — sign up to our Telegram channel and we’ll keep you up to speed!

Russian Defense Minister Praises Strategic Missile Troops on Military Holiday

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu has congratulated Russian servicemen and veterans with the Day of Strategic Missile Troops which is celebrated in Russia on December 17.

«Created in the middle of the XX century, they [Strategic Missile Troops] have rightfully occupied a crucial place in the triad of the country’s strategic nuclear forces,» Shoigu said in a statement released by the Russian Defense Ministry.

Shoigu stressed that the strategic missile systems developed in Russia are unique and have no analogues in the world. According to the Russian Defense Ministry, the Strategic Missile Troops carried out over 100 drills in 2016 and plan to double the number of military exercises next year. Over 10 missile launches are planned for 2017

Mil V-12

The Mil V-12 (NATO reporting name Homer), given the project number Izdeliye 65, is the largest helicopter ever built. The designation «Mi-12» would have been the name for the production helicopter, and was not applied to the V-12 prototypes.
Design studies for a giant helicopter were started at the Mil OKB in 1959, receiving official sanction in 1961 by the GKAT (Gosudarstvenny Komitet Po Aviatsionnoy Tekhnike — «state committee on aircraft technology») instructing Mil to develop a helicopter capable of lifting 20 to 25 t (44,000 to 55,000 lb). The GKAT directive was followed by a more detailed specification for the V-12 with hold dimensions similar to the Antonov An-22, intended to lift major items of combat materiel as well as 8K67, 8K75 and 8K82 inter-continental ballistic missiles (ICBM).

Design limitations forced Mil to adopt a twin rotor system but design studies of a tandem layout, similar to the Boeing CH-47 Chinook, revealed major problems. The single rotor layouts also studied proved to be non-viable, leading to the transverse layout chosen for the finished article.

The transverse rotor system of the V-12, which eliminates the need for a tail rotor, consists of two Mi-6 transmission systems complete with rotors mounted at the tips of the approximately 30 m (98 ft) span inverse tapered wings. Although the first use by Mil, the transverse system had been used by several of the early helicopters, including the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache and Kamov Ka-22 Vintokryl convertiplane.
Construction of the V-12 first prototype, after exhaustive testing with test-rigs and mock-ups including a complete transmission system, began at Panki in 1965. The airframe was largely conventional, using stressed skin construction methods with high strength parts machined from solid. The large fuselage accommodated the 28.15×4.4×4.4 m (92.4×14.4×14.4 ft) cabin and crew section in the extreme nose, housing pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer and electrical engineer in the lower cockpit, with the navigator and radio operator in the upper cockpit.

At the aft end of the fuselage access to the cabin is gained by large clamshell doors and drop down cargo ramp with inbuilt retractable support jacks. Doors in the fuselage also give access to the cargo hold: two on the starboard side and three on the port side. Above the rear fuselage is a very large fin and rudder, with a moderately sized tailplane with dihedral fitted with end-plate fins (not fitted for the first flight).

The fixed undercarriage consists of large paired main-wheel units on oleo-pneumatic levered shock absorbers mounted at the junction of a strut system supporting the rotor systems and wings and connected to the centre fuselage by a tripod strut structure with the nose-leg attached aft of the crew section. A pair of bumper wheels are mounted at the rear of the fuselage keel and fixed support pads ensure that the cargo ramp is extended to the correct angle. Long braced struts also connected the transmission units to the rear fuselage forward of the fin. Cargo handling is by forklift or electric hoists on traveling beams.

The power system and wings are mounted above the centre fuselage with interconnecting shafts ensuring synchronisation of the main rotors which overlapped by about 3 m (9.8 ft). Drag and lift losses are reduced by the inverse taper wings with minimum chord in regions of strongest down-wash. The interconnecting shafts also ensured symmetrical lift distribution in event of engine failure. To optimise control in roll and yaw the rotors are arranged to turn in opposite directions with the port rotor turning anti-clockwise and the starboard rotor turning clockwise, ensuring that the advancing blades pass over the fuselage.

Each power unit comprises two Soloviev D-25VF turbo-shaft engines mounted below main gearboxes which each drive five-bladed 35 m (115 ft) diameter rotors and the synchronisation shafts which run from wing-tip to wing-tip. Each paired engine pod has large access panels which open up for maintenance access and also form platforms for servicing crews to operate from.

Control of the V-12 presented several problems to the designers and engineers due to the sheer size as well as the rotor layout. The pilot and co-pilot sat in the lower flight deck with a wide expanse of windows to give excellent visibility. Using conventional cyclic stick, collective lever and rudder pedals the pilots input their commands in a conventional fashion. Roll control is by differential collective pitch change on the left and right rotors, ensuring that sufficient lift is generated to prevent inadvertent sink. Yaw in the hover or low air speeds is achieved by tilting the rotor discs forward and backward deferentially depending on direction of yaw required. At higher air speeds differential rotor control is gradually supplanted by the large aerodynamic rudder on the fin. Ascent and descent are controlled by the collective lever increasing or decreasing pitch of both rotors simultaneously. Large elevators on the tailplane control fuselage attitude and provide reaction to pitching moments from the wing and variation on rotor disc angle.

The control system is complex due to the sheer size of the aircraft and the need to compensate for aeroelastic deformation of the structure, as well as the very large friction loads of the control rods, levers etc. To keep control forces felt by the pilots to a minimum, the control system is in three distinct phases. Phase one is direct mechanical control from pilot inputs which is fed into phase two. Phase two is the intermediate powered control system with low-powered hydraulic boosters transferring commands to the third phase. Phase three is the high-powered rapid action control actuators at the main gearboxes operating the swashplates directly.

Construction of the first prototype was completed in 1968. A first flight on 27 June 1967 ended prematurely due to oscillations caused by control problems; one set of main wheels contacted the ground hard bursting a tyre and bending a wheel hub. The cause of the oscillations proved to be a harmonic amplification of vibrations in the cockpit floor feeding back into the control column when a roll demand was input into the cyclic stick. It was widely but erroneously reported in the Western press that the aircraft had been destroyed.

The first prototype, given the registration SSSR-21142, made its first flight on 10 July 1968 from the Mil factory pad in Panki to the Mil OKB test flight facility in Lyubertsy. In February 1969, the first prototype lifted a record 31,030 kg (68,410 lb) payload to 2,951 m (9,682 ft).[2] On 6 August 1969, the V-12 lifted 44,205 kg (97,455 lb) to a height of 2,255 m (7,398 ft), also a world record.

The second prototype was also assembled at the Mil experimental production facility in Panki but sat in the workshop for a full year awaiting engines, flying for the first time in March 1973 from Panki to the flight test facilities in Lyubertsy. Curiously the second prototype was also registered SSSR-21142.

The prototype V-12s outperformed their design specifications, setting numerous world records which still stand today, and brought its designers numerous awards such as the prestigious Sikorsky Prize awarded by the American Helicopter Society for outstanding achievements in helicopter technology. The V-12 design was patented in the USA, Great Britain and other countries.
Despite all of these achievements the Soviet Air Force refused to accept the helicopter for state acceptance trials for many reasons, the main one being that the V-12’s most important intended mission no longer existed, i.e. the rapid deployment of heavy strategic ballistic missiles. This also led to a reduction in Antonov An-22 production.

In May–June 1971, the first prototype V-12 SSSR-21142 made a series of flights over Europe culminating in an appearance at the 29th Paris Air Show at Le Bourget wearing exhibit code H-833

V-12 No.1 at the Mil Helicopter Plant in Panki. Note that the rotor blades are removed.
All development on the V-12 was stopped in 1974. The first prototype remained at the Mikhail Leontyevich Mil Moscow helicopter plant in Panki-Tomilino, Lyuberetsky District near Moscow and is still there today (17 August 2013) at 55°40′2″N 37°55′56″E.[4][5] The second prototype was donated to Monino Air Force Museum 50 km (31 mi) east of Moscow for public display.

Russia to Hold Army-2017 Int’l Military, Technical Forum on Aug. 22-27

Russia will hold Army-2017 forum on August 22-27, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Pavel Popov said Friday.

Russia will hold Army-2017 international military and technical forum on August 22-27 on the venues covering some 370,000 square meters (442,000 square yards), Russian Deputy Defense Minister Pavel Popov said Friday.

«Over 40,000 square meters in exhibition halls, more than 100,000 square meters of outdoor venues of the [Patriot] Congress and Exhibition Center and over 200,000 square meters at the Kubinka airfield will be used to set up an exposition [of the forum on August 22-27],» Popov said at a meeting dedicated to the organization of the forum. He noted that additional 30,000 square meters would be used for a non-public exhibition. Army-2017 is an exhibition organized by the Russian Defense Ministry to demonstrate high-tech military innovation and achievements. The event brings together representatives from dozens of countries.

Russian Baltic Fleet’s aviation group tests newest Sukhoi-30SM fighter jet

The Sukhoi-30SM is the latest upgraded configuration of the multirole heavy fighter Sukhoi-30

The Baltic Fleet’s airbase in the Kaliningrad Region has received the first multirole fighter Sukhoi-30SM, the fleet’s spokesman Roman Martov has said.

«The first Sukhoi-30SM has made a landing at the airdrome in Chernyakhovsk to have joined a squadron of the Baltic Fleet’s aviation group,» he said.

The plane arrived from an aircraft-building plant in Irkutsk.

Several more fighters of that type will become organic to the Baltic Sea Fleet’s aviation in 2017.

The first Sukhoi-30SM crews have undergone retraining at a center in Yeisk. Now they will be able to share experience with their colleagues on site.

The Sukhoi-30SM is the latest upgraded configuration of the multirole heavy fighter Sukhoi-30 (generation 4+). It boasts high maneuverability, a phased array antenna radar, thrust vector control, and front horizontal stabilizers. It is capable of carrying advanced high accuracy weapons (both air-to-air and air-to-surface types).

The Sukhoi-30SM can fly up to 3,000 kilometers without refueling and extra tanks.

Russia to Start Advanced PAK FA Fighters Production on Schedule in 2017

Russian Aerospace Forces Commander Viktor Bondarev said that the tests of Russian Sukhoi T-50 (PAK FA) fifth-generation fighters are proceeding in leaps and bounds, the eighth prototype has already been delivered.

Tests of the Russian Sukhoi T-50 (PAK FA) fifth-generation fighters are proceeding on schedule and production deadlines will be fully met in 2017, Russian Aerospace Forces Commander Viktor Bondarev said Saturday.

«All deadlines remain unchanged, the PAK FA tests are proceeding in leaps and bounds, the eighth prototype has already been delivered. The plane is demonstrating excellent flight and technical characteristics. This is our future and our hope,» Bondarev said. Currently, the PAK FA stealth multirole fighter project is in advanced stages of development and is undergoing flight testing. The aircraft is expected to complete tests this year before serial production commences in 2017

Russian Aerospace Forces Equipment to Receive Full Lifecycle Maintenance in 2017

Russia’s Aerospace Forces Commander Col. Gen. Viktor Bondarev said that full lifecycle maintenance would be able to quickly supply components and blocks necessary for any type of flying vehicles, thus, enabling military personnel to repair the equipment faster.

All types of Russian Aerospace Forces’ equipment will receive full lifecycle maintenance starting from January 1, 2017, Russia’s Aerospace Forces Commander Col. Gen. Viktor Bondarev told journalists on Saturday.

«Not only PAK FA (fifth generation fighters) will be receiving full lifecycle maintenance from January 2017, but all other Russian Aerospace Forces’ equipment as well. It includes military, frontline, long-range and military transport equipment,» Bondarev said at the celebrations dedicated to the centenary of the aviation engineering service.

Bondarev added that full lifecycle maintenance would be able to quickly supply components and blocks necessary for any type of flying vehicles, thus, enabling military personnel to repair the equipment faster, improving the correct functioning of the vehicles and increasing pilots’ length of total flight hours.

«The modern technologies exclude a possibility of an aircraft taking off in a poor condition,» Bondarev said. Engineer and aviation units celebrate the centenary of Russian aviation engineering service, which dates back to December 7, 1916, when the first department responsible for the maintenance of aircraft was opened.

Peru will get spares for Mi-8/17 helicopters from Russia

The Russian helicopters manufacturer also plans to build a pilot training center in Peru next year

Russian Helicopters holding won the tender on supply of spare parts for Mi-8/17 helicopters of Peru’s Air Force and will start deliveries next year, Executive Director of the company Grigoriy Kozlov said on Friday.

«The holding won the next tender on supply of spares for Mi-8/17 helicopters of Peruvian Air Force. Peru will start receiving spare parts directly from the helicopters manufacturer already in the beginning of 2017 after making relevant contracts,» Kozlov said.

This will promote combating counterfeit components posing threat to helicopter flight safety and life of crewmembers, he added.

The Russian helicopters manufacturer also plans to build a pilot training center in Peru next year, Kozlov said.

«The intention of the holding to build and outfit a helicopter simulation center for the Peruvian Army evidences importance of the Peruvian market for Russian Helicopters. Construction of the simulation center near Lima will start recently. Representatives of the holding plan to complete construction already in 2017,» the senior manager said.

Creation of such a center in Peru will significantly reduce training time because Peru’s pilots of Russian Mi-171Sh helicopters will train in the territory of the country, Kozlov added.

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Russia Contracts for Another 7 Coastal Project 12700 Minesweepers – Navy

Russia contracted for another seven Project 12700-class coastal minesweepers for its Navy, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy Adm. Vladimir Korolev said Friday.

Project 12700 vessels are designed to detect and destroy mines at safe distances on naval base territory. The first ship was laid down in 2011 and launched in 2014, with a total of four vessels set to be built. The minesweepers have a full displacement of 890 tonnes and are 61 meters (200 feet) in length and 10 meters wide.

«We have definitely planned and already contracted for another seven vessels within this project, in the long-term perspective we are planning to [contract] for more than 40 vessels within this project,» Korolev said at a handover ceremony of the Alexander Obukhov minesweeper to the Navy. In 2014, the Russian Defense Ministry said that the country’s Navy would receive new minesweepers by 2019 under project 12700